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SELECTED FOR YOU... NOVEMBER 2014
books of the month
watch on health economics

All the Selected for you

BOOKS

Everything you always wanted to know about European Union health policies but were afraid to ask.

Greer S.L., Fahy N., Elliott H.A et al.

Bruxelles : Observatoire européen des systèmes et politiques de santé, 2014


Que signifie l’Union européenne (UE) pour la santé et les systèmes de santé ? Plus qu’on ne pourrait le croire. Le mandat de l’UE en matière de santé permet la prise d’un train complet de mesures de santé publique. En outre, d’autres politiques de l’UE, bien que sans rapport avec la santé, ont des conséquences importantes sur la gestion, le financement et la prestation des services de santé, ainsi que sur leur dotation en effectifs. En d’autres termes : les mesures prises par l’UE influent sur la santé des populations d’Europe et la performance des systèmes de santé. Étant donné l’importance des systèmes de santé, nous avons besoin d’engager un débat éclairé sur le rôle de l’UE et sa contribution. Or, ce n’est guère facile, parce que la politique de santé de l’UE est difficile à comprendre. Il n’existe pas de stratégie unique assortie d’un ensemble cohérent de lois pour sa mise en oeuvre. On dispose plutôt d’une grande variété d’objectifs et d’instruments, parfois dans les domaines les plus inattendus. Il est désormais impérieux de comprendre le rôle de l’UE dans le secteur de la santé car les systèmes de santé doivent relever une multitude de défis, le modèle social européen est confronté à la menace posée par la crise financière, et l’UE doit faire face à une vague croissante d’euroscepticisme en politique. Cet ouvrage rend la politique de santé de l’UE dans son ensemble (et sa complexité) accessible au débat politique et technique. À cette fin, il se concentre sur 4 aspects de cette politique, à savoir :les institutions, les processus et les pouvoirs de l’UE liés à la santé ; les mesures prises par l’UE en vertu de son mandat de santé ; les mesures prises dans d’autres domaines que celui de la santé et influant sur la santé et les systèmes de santé ; et, en raison de son importance croissante, la gouvernance financière et ce qu’elle signifie pour les systèmes de santé européens (résumé de l’éditeur).




Universal coverage for inclusive and sustainable developement : a synthesis of 11 country cases studies.

Maeda A., Araujo E., Cashin C. et al.

Washington : Banque mondiale, 2014


The goals of Universal Health Coverage (UHC) are to ensure that all people can access quality health services, to safeguard all people from public health risks, and to protect all people from impoverishment due to illness, whether from out-of-pocket payments for health care or loss of income when a household member falls sick. Countries as diverse as Brazil, France, Japan, Thailand, and Turkey that have achieved UHC are showing how these programs can serve as vital mechanisms for improving the health and welfare of their citizens, and lay the foundation for economic growth and competitiveness grounded in the principles of equity and sustainability. Ensuring universal access to affordable, quality health services will be an important contribution to ending extreme poverty by 2030 and boosting shared prosperity in low income and middle-income countries (LMICs), where most of the world?s poor live (4e de couverture).



Health system responses to financial pressures in Ireland. Policy options in an international context.

Thomson S. / éd., Jowett M. / éd., Mladovsky P. / éd.

Copenhague : OMS Bureau régional de l'Europe, 2014


Ireland’s recent financial and economic crisis – one of the most severe in the European Union – led to unprecedented reductions in levels of public spending. Public spending on the health sector fell particularly sharply. How did the Irish health system respond to the financial pressure created by the crisis? What were the options available to health policymakers as they sought to adapt to a lower level of public financing? How did the policy changes introduced affect the health system's performance? These are some of the questions this book addresses. Originally commissioned by the Department of Health in Ireland, the book draws on international experience to assess and reflect on the challenges the health system has faced as a result of the crisis, to review underlying structural issues in the health sector and to identify priority areas for improving efficiency, quality and equitable access to health care. The book will be of interest to policy-makers and researchers in Ireland and other countries who want to understand the short- and longer term implications of sharp reductions in public spending on health (4ème de couv.)




How Was Life? Global Well-being since 1820.

Van Zanden J.L., Baten J. et al.

Paris : OCDE, 2014


How was life in 1820, and how has it improved since then? What are the long-term trends in global well-being? Views on socio-economic developments since the Industrial Revolution are largely based on historical national accounting in the tradition of Kuznets and Maddison. But trends in real GDP per capita may not fully reflect changes in other dimensions of well-being such as life expectancy, education, personal security or gender inequality. Looking at these indicators usually reveals a more equal world than the picture given by economic growth alone, but has this always been the case? This report aims to fill this gap. It presents the first systematic evidence on longterm trends in global well-being since 1820 for 25 major countries and 8 regions in the world. This report not only shows the data but also discusses the underlying sources and their limitations, pays attention to country averages and inequality, and pinpoints avenues for further research.(résumé de l'éditeur).

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November 6th, 2014