June 2021


3 questions to…

… Antoine Marsaudon, Paul Dourgnon, Florence Jusot and Jérôme Wittwer, following the publication of the Issues in Health Economics (253), December 2020: "What Consequences of the Covid-19 Pandemic and Lockdown Policies on Undocumented Immigrants in France?"

1. What is known about the situation of immigrants in France facing the Covid-19 pandemic?
2. Among undocumented immigrants in France, who are the most at risk of developing a serious form of Covid-19?
3. What are the economic and social consequences of the lockdown on undocumented immigrants?
 Read the interview


Jobs held in France by undocumented migrants


IRDES publishing

Psychological Distress During the First Lockdown linked to the Covid-19 pandemic: Vulnerability Factors Specific to Persons living with a Chronic Disorder or Disability

Gandré C., Espagnacq M., Coldefy M. (IRDES), in collaboration with Radoszycki L. and Testa D. (CARENITY)
Issues in Health Economics (Questions d'économie de la santé), 255, February 2021

Individuals treated for mental disorders suffer premature death, whatever the cause of death. This phenomenon, a health inequality marker, raises questions about the treatment and access to somatic care for individuals living with a severe mental disorder. Quantitative analysis made through the National Health Data System (Système national des données de santé, SNDS) makes it possible to characterise their use of general somatic care on a national scale in comparison with the main beneficiaries of the French health insurance system.
 Read more

What Consequences of the Covid-19 Pandemic and Lockdown Policies on Undocumented Immigrants in France?

Marsaudon A. (IRDES), Dourgnon P. (IRDES), Jusot F. (Paris-Dauphine University, PSL, Leda-Legos, IRDES), Wittwer J. (Bordeaux University, INSERM U1219, EMOS Team)
Issues in Health Economics (Questions d'économie de la santé), 253, December 2020

Due to the Covid-19 pandemic, France is going through a health, economic, and ·social crisis unprecedented in recent history. The country imposed an initial lockdown over the entire country between 17 March and 11 May 2020, followed by a curfew that applied to certain large cities on 14 October 2020, immediately followed by another lockdown that lasted from 30 October to 15 December. Initial studies attest to the detrimental effects of the pandemic and the lockdown episodes on public health, the use of healthcare services, and the economic situation of the French population. Although the consequences of the crisis have had an impact on the entire French population, certain social groups have been impacted to a greater extent. Given their social position and their working and living conditions, foreigners seem to be particularly vulnerable.
Based on data from the "Premiers Pas" survey, carried out in 2019, which focused on undocumented immigrants and from some of the organisations that assist them, this study highlights the risks faced by undocumented immigrants because of the pandemic and the lockdowns policies.
 Read more

Group Complementary Health Insurance: Means of Implementation that Vary According to the Firm. The Results of the 2017 Employer-provided Complementary Health Insurance Survey

Perronnin M., Raynaud D. (IRDES)
Issues in Health Economics (Questions d'économie de la santé), 251, November 2020

Since 1 January 2016, every private-sector employer are mandated to provide complementary health insurance for their employees. According to the results of the 2017 Employer-provided Complementary Health Insurance Survey (Protection Sociale Complémentaire d'Entreprise, PSCE), almost all employees now work in a firm that provides a complementary health insurance scheme. […] This study shows the diversity of the ways in which employer-provided complementary health insurance is implemented, while respecting the legal regulations. The levels of coverage and the employer's contribution depend in particular on the activity sector, the size of the firm, and its qualification structure…
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Integrating Specialist Care with Primary and Long-Term Care: Examples from Five Countries

Michel L., Or Z. (IRDES)
Issues in Health Economics (Questions d'économie de la santé), 248, April 2020

Population ageing, with an increasing number of persons living with chronic diseases, is challenging the traditional approaches to healthcare provision. Supporting care for patients who have multiple long-lasting needs requires better coordination of their treatments at the crossroads of primary care, specialised medicine, and personal and social care. […] Overspecialisation, which risks increasing the fragmentation of healthcare provision, and the difficulties in access to specialist care, raises concerns about the ways in which the specialists care is organised in France. Based on eight case studies carried out in five countries, this article examines novel organisational models which shift the frontiers of specialist care for improving integration with primary and long-term care…
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France's Response to the Covid-19 Pandemic: Between a Rock and a Hard Place

Or Z. (IRDES), Gandré C. (IRDES) Durand-Zaleski I. (AP-HP URC Eco, Santé Publique Hôpital Henri Mondor), Steffen M. (PACTE, Université Grenoble-Alpes, Sciences Po Grenoble, CNRS)
IRDES Working Papers (Documents de travail de l'Irdes), 83, February 2021

France is one of the European countries hardest hit by the Covid-19 pandemic. The pandemic brought into light structural weaknesses of the health system, including its governance and decision making process, but also provoked changes that helped to improve its resilience. We analyse the French experience of Covid-19 in 2020 by critically reviewing major policy measures implemented during the first two waves of the pandemic. France has struggled to find the right balance between the rock of economic and social damage caused by containment measures and the hard alternative of a rapidly spreading pandemic. […] We conclude that to achieve the right balance, France will have to strengthen health system capacity and improve the cooperation between actors at central and local levels with greater participatory decision-making that takes into account local-level realities and the diversity of needs
 Read more

International Comparison of Specialist Care Organization: Innovations in Five Countries (England, Germany, Italy, Netherlands, United-States).
Integrated Funding for Maternity Care in the Netherlands

Michel L., Or Z. (IRDES)
IRDES Reports (Rapports de l'Irdes), 577, Case studies series, 1-1b, February 2021

Under pressure of increasing demand for healthcare from an ageing population with multiple chronic conditions, France, as other countries, seeks to advance care coordination across primary, hospital and long-term care sectors. Specialists play an essential role in treating patients with chronic conditions, but little attention is given to their organization out of hospitals, and their role in enhancing care coordination and patient-centered care provision. In order to investigate different ways in which specialists are working out of hospital to integrate primary and social care, we carried out case studies in five countries (England, Germany, Italy, Netherlands, England and United States).(…) The two case studies presented here for Italy describe the organization and functioning of multidisciplinary networks managing diabetic foot and heart failure patients in the Tuscany region.
 Read more

Other IRDES researcher's publications (in English)

France. Pricing Long-Term Care for Older Persons. Case Study.
Or Z., Penneau A.
Kobe: WHO Centre for Health Development. 2021/06, 37-76.

"Top-Three" Health Reforms in 31 High-Income Countries in 2018 and 2019: An Expert Informed Overview.
Polin K., Hjortland M., Maresso A., Van Ginneken E., Busse R., Quentin W., the HSPM network, Or Z., Gandré C., et al. Health Policy, On line : 15/04/2021, 1-18.
(Catégorie 2 - CNRS) - (Cat. A - Hcérès)

France's Response to the Covid-19 Pandemic: Between a Rock and a Hard Place.
Or Z., Gandré C., Durand Zaleski I., Steffen M., Health Economics, Policy and Law, en ligne : 05/03/2021, 1-13.
(Catégorie 3 - CNRS) - (Cat. B - Hcérès)

Sustainability and Resilience in the French Health System.
Or Z., Gandré C. Londres : LSE, 2021/03, 42 p.

A Conceptual Framework to Develop a Patient-Reported Experience Measure of the Quality of Mental Health Care: A Qualitative Study of the PREMIUM Project in France.
Fernandes S., Fond G., Zendjidjian X., Michel P., Lançon C., Berna F., Schurhoff F., Aouizerate B., Henry C., Etain B., Samalin L., Leboyer M., Misdrahi D., Llorca P.M., Coldefy M., Auquier P., Baumstarck K., Boyer L. Journal of Market Access & Health Policy, vol. 9, issue 1, 2021/01, 1-15.

The Shrinkage of Justice and Hospital Facilities in Small French Cities (2000-2016).
Baudet-Michel S., Chouraqui J., Conti B., Guiraud N., Le Neindre C., Toutin G. Geografiska Annaler: Series B, Human Geography, vol. 103, issue 1, 2021.

Employment Vulnerability of People With Severe Mental Illness.
Diby A.-S., Lengagne P., Regaert C. Health Policy, vol. 125, n° 2, 2021/02, 269-275.
(Catégorie 2 - CNRS) - (Cat. A - Hcérès)

Medical Brain Drain: How Many, Where and Why?
Adovor E., Czaika M., Docquier F., Moullan Y. Journal of Health Economics, vol. 76. On line: 30/12/2020, 2021/03.
(Catégorie 1 - CNRS) - (Cat. A - Hcérès)

Collaboration of Primary Care and Public Health at the Local Level: Observational Descriptive Study of French Local Health Contracts.
Kendir C., Breton E., Le Bodo Y., Bourgueil Y. Primary Health Care Research & Development, vol 21, n° e61, 2020/12, 1-11.

Adaptation of Independent Midwives to the COVID-19 Pandemic: a National Descriptive Survey.
Baumann S., Gaucher L., Bourgueil Y., Saint-Lary O., Gautier S., Rousseau A. Midwifery. On line: 18/12/2020, 1-18.

Can General Practitioners Be More Productive? The Impact of Teamwork and Cooperation with Nurses on GP Activities.
Loussouarn C., Franc C., Videau Y., Mousquès J. Health Economics. On line: 09/12/2020, 1-19.
(Catégorie 1 - CNRS) - (Cat. A - Hcérès)

Gender Patterns in Immigrants' Health Profiles in France: Tobacco, Alcohol, Obesity and Self-Reported Health.
Khlat M., Legleye S., Bricard D. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, vol. 17, n° 23. Online: 25/11/2020, 1-10.

Health in Adulthood After Severe Anorexia Nervosa in Adolescence: A Study of Exposed and Unexposed Women.
Chapelon E., Barry C., Hubert T., Com-Ruelle L., Duclos J., Mattar L., Falissard B., Huas C., Godart N. Eating and Weight Disorders-Studies on Anorexia, Bulimia and Obesity, on line : 23/06/2020, 1-9.

How GPs Adapted their Practices and Organisations at the Beginning of COVID-19 Outbreak: A French National Observational Survey.
Saint-Lary O., Gautier S., Le Breton J., Gilberg S., Frappé P., Schuers M., Bourgueil Y., Renard V. BMJ Open, 2020/12, vol 12, n° 10, 1-20.


Watch on Health Economics Literature

Produced by the IRDES documentation centre, Watch on Health Economics Literature, a monthly publication, presents by theme the latest articles and reports in health economics: both peer-reviewed and grey literature

- June 2021

- May 2021

- April 2021

- March 2021

- February 2021

- January 2021

- December 2020

English-French Glossary of Health Economics Terms

This new online edition of the English-French Glossary of terms, concepts and acronyms in health economics has been reviewed and expanded by the IRDES Publications and Documentation teams. In addition to terms from specialized Anglo-Saxon journals, this edition is based on the English translations of IRDES thematic syntheses, Issues in Health Economics, and on the keywords of the MeSH thesaurus (Medline). It also includes a thematic section that classifies the translated terms according to the disciplines involved (economics, sociology, geography, etc.). The translation of French Institutions on Public Health into English is now integrated into the part: Sigles - Institutions.

The Glossary is updated regularly.

Getting information on Public Health in France and Europe


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Calendar of conferences and seminars

Next Letter: December 2021

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